|Measurements, comments on identifications, books and articles, acknowledgments and a request for help.|
|Numbers and measures:|
|Numbers in brackets start with an identification number.|
|Measures of the cup follow. These are in millimeters. The first group are measures of the whole cup where: h = height, w = outside width at rim, b = inside width underneath base (number in brackets = outside width at base).|
|Measures of the handle where: v = vertical maximum inside measure of whole handle or of the ring (top picture), v2 = vertical distance between top and bottom attachments, h = horizontal maximum inside measure either just below the attachment or across the ring (number in brackets = distance from cup surface to outside of handle), k = distance between top and first "kick" or kink, w = width at the top near the top attachment, followed by width at the bottom just above the attachment, t = thickness at top.|
|Comments on identifications:|
|One of the main hopes in creating this site is to
make the identification of Bute shaped cups easier or possible. Finding
the maker is easy when the cups have maker's marks (eg Derby,
Wedgwood). Some handle shapes are very characteristic of the
maker and are defined in
reference books (eg Machin, Miles Mason, Spode).
Unfortunately, in many other cases, an attribution is commonly accepted by dealers and collectors but it is hard to trace the basis for the identification. This applies to many of the cups in Berthoud's "Compendium of British Cups" (1990). My aims are: (1) to present this "state of the art" which often depends on unpublished research by collectors passed on by word of mouth, at club meetings or in hard to obtain articles; (2) to group unknown cups by common features, to help future searches for their makers; (3) eventually, to explain and justify the groupings and identifications.
As a zoologist I am familiar with the methods that are used to classify and then identify animals (and plants). Similar principles will probably be helpful for porcelain:- to obtain samples of specimens; to describe and measure them; to assign them to groups and define the variation in features within each group; to establish the distinguishing features of each group; to publish the defining features of each group (species) and deposit "type specimens" in museums, so others can consult them.
|Books and articles:|
Berthoud, M (1990) "A Compendium of British Cups", Micawber Publications, Bridgnorth. (This book is the bible for lovers of 18th and 19th century cups and has provided the foundation and inspiration for the present guide.)
Berthoud, M (1999) "A Cabinet of British Creamers", Micawber Publications, Bridgnorth. (All colour pictures showing many of the patterns also found on cups.)
Berthoud, M and Maskell, R (2006) "A Directory of British Teapots", Micawber Publications, Bridgnorth.
des Fontaines, JK (1983) "Wedgwood bone china of the first period, 1812 - 1829." in Godden, GA ed. Staffordshire Porcelain, Granada.
Godden, G A (1968) Minton Pottery and porcelain of the first period 1793 - 1850. Barrie and Jenkins, London.
Godden, G A (1985) English China. Barrie and Jenkins, London.
Godden, GA (1983) ed. Staffordshire Porcelain, Granada. (A very useful reference with chapters on the less well known factories.)
Holdgate, D. (1971) Newhall and its imitators. Faber and Faber, London.
Miller, P and Berthoud, M (1985) "An anthology of British Teapots", Micawber Publications, Bridgnorth.
|I would like to thank: Victoria Baughan, James Bull, Roger Edmundson, Tony Evans, Ian Harvey, Mollie Hoskins, Margaret Ironside (late), Jeanette Miller, Philip Miller, Steve Millington, J and N Nicholson, Pat Preller, Terry Smith, Marjorie Thacker, David Theobald, Bill Thom, Derek Thomas, Vic Thomas, Anne and John Wilson (late), Austin Wragg, Richard and Sophie Wright, Velma Young for advice and help with photographs; Ron Burt, Ellie Downer, Gregory Freear, Barry Lomax, Peter Whitelaw have offered advice.|
|To build a useful guide I need comments about this website: what works and what doesn't, about good features and mistakes. I also need suggestions for improvements and more pictures to fill out the illustrations. So please contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org|